CBD is one of many cannabinoids that come from the cannabis plant, which is also known as hemp or marijuana.
More concentrated forms of CBD, such as cannabidiol oil, could offer greater benefits with fewer risks than using medical marijuana.
The compound in marijuana that gets users high is called tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). No evidence suggests that CBD can get a person high. This may make it a good option for people who:
- want to abstain from marijuana use
- have a history of bad reactions to marijuana
- are uncomfortable using mind-altering substances
- do not want to experience a high but still want to experience the health benefits
In recent years, there has been a surge of interest in administering CBD to children with epilepsy, because it is effective in reducing seizures that do not respond well to other medications.
Only a few studies have looked at the effectiveness of CBD in treating fibromyalgia.
Researchers cannot decisively say why the compound appears to reduce some fibromyalgia symptoms, but there are some strong theories that are still being tested in research.
The pain-relieving effects of CBD may be explained by the ways that this substance affects the brain. It may interrupt the nerve pathways that send signals of pain between the brain and the body.
There is also an anti-inflammatory action of CBD that would reduce heat and swelling around injury or disease. This, in turn. would reduce pain.
There is also debate about whether CBD is more effective when used alone or as medical marijuana. A combination of other chemicals in the plant may intensify the positive effects of CBD and provide additional benefits. One 2006 study determined that CBD worked best in combination with THC, but little research has followed.
A 2016 study suggested that a lack of endocannabinoids — neurotransmitters that bind to cannabinoid receptors — may be at the root of chronic pain syndromes, including migraines and fibromyalgia. Taking CBD may correct this deficiency, explaining the compound’s success in alleviating chronic pain.
CBD is thought to activate serotonin receptors. It plays a role in:
According to recent studies, CBD also:
Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain disorder that causes musculoskeletal pain in addition to:
Treatment options are available that focus on pain management.